Charlotta Brylla: The Swedish Communist Party and Eurocommunism

Abstract

In: Jahrbuch für Historische Kommunismusforschung 2010. Berlin: Aufbau Verlag, pp. 81–92

The subject of the present paper is the ambivalent stance of the Swedish Communist Party (SKP) towards world communism during the Cold War. Attention is primarily focussed on the development of the party in a eurocommunist direction, as was initiated in the 1960s under the leadership of party leader Carl-Henrik Hermansson. From 1964, the party leadership planned to transform the SKP (from 1967: Left Party – The Communists) into a broad and pluralist left-wing party which would act within the boundaries of bourgeois democracy. To an extent, this resulted in forfeiting its position in the movement of proletarian internationalism. On the other hand, as the party was not prepared to fully abandon its role in the socialist community, its reform project remained a compromise. Even after its split in 1977, the party displayed a wavering attitude to its sister parties in Eastern Europe; as a result, today’s Left Party is still contending with the ideological ballast of this era.

Über die Autorin

Charlotta Brylla, Fil. dr., geb. 1968 in Uppsala, 1988–1994 Studium der Germanistik, Literaturwissenschaft und Ideengeschichte in Uppsala und Stockholm, 2003 Promotion in Germanistik an der Universität Stockholm. Seit 2004 Mitarbeiterin von zwei interdisziplinären Forschungsprojekten an der Södertörns högskola, Stockholm, über die deutsch-schwedischen Beziehungen 1933–1945 und im Kalten Krieg. 2006–2008 Postdoc-Stipendiatin des Riksbankens Jubileumsfond am Nordeuropa-Institut, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin. Veröffentlichungen u. a.: Die schwedische Rezeption zentraler Begriffe der deutschen Frühromantik. Schlüsselwortanalysen zu den Zeitschriften Athenäum und Phosphoros, Stockholm 2003; hg. mit Birgitta Almgren / Frank-Michael Kirsch: Bilder i kontrast. Interkulturella processer Sverige / Tyskland i skuggan av nazismen 1933–1945 [Bilder im Kontrast. Interkulturelle Prozesse Schweden / Deutschland im Schatten des Nationalsozialismus">, Aalborg 2005.