In: Jahrbuch für Historische Kommunismusforschung 2010. Berlin: Aufbau Verlag, pp. 81–92
The subject of the present paper is the ambivalent stance of the Swedish Communist Party (SKP) towards world communism during the Cold War. Attention is primarily focussed on the development of the party in a eurocommunist direction, as was initiated in the 1960s under the leadership of party leader Carl-Henrik Hermansson. From 1964, the party leadership planned to transform the SKP (from 1967: Left Party – The Communists) into a broad and pluralist left-wing party which would act within the boundaries of bourgeois democracy. To an extent, this resulted in forfeiting its position in the movement of proletarian internationalism. On the other hand, as the party was not prepared to fully abandon its role in the socialist community, its reform project remained a compromise. Even after its split in 1977, the party displayed a wavering attitude to its sister parties in Eastern Europe; as a result, today’s Left Party is still contending with the ideological ballast of this era.