Endre Kiss: The philosophy of imperialism makes revolution. Towards an actual interpretation of the Stalin phenomenon


In: Jahrbuch für Historische Kommunismusforschung 2010. Berlin: Aufbau Verlag, pp. 295–308

This contribution takes its origins in Lenin’s notion of the imperialism. The author´s thesis is that in Lenin's philosophy the notion and the set of issues of imperialism had become the defining eventuality to which the whole Marxian Corpus was subordinated. One cannot say that this revelation was previously unknown. But, nevertheless, the author thinks that Leninism’s interpretation of imperialism has not been fully understood as the Marxism of this time.
This contribution sets out to clarify the system of the cognitive differences around Stalin and Stalinism by drawing on this Problematik of Leninism. It distinguishes, in this context, the perspectives "from above" and "from below", as well as then those of the historical simultaneity (together with the historical retrospective), or temporally the historical dynamic moving forward. So this perspective proves a coherent image in itself of a specific concept of the power practice in and of a specific society, the basic regulations of which present clearly the traces of the power concepts.
The temporal perspective of this approach contains the vision of the Stalin's phenomenon and of the Stalinism from the real and simultaneous historical process itself and the other vision, which can be identified after the departure of Stalinism. Here we meet again a strange tension between the results of both perspectives. During Stalinism from the real and simultaneous historical process itself, a more or less visible consistent (even if not without alternatives) progress of the Soviet-Russian political development of the twenties appears, it offers from the future time a visible image of the inconsequence, of the irrationality and of the philosophic emergency situation in world history.

Über den Autor

Endre Kiss, Prof. Dr., geb. 1947 in Debrecen, Ungarn, Professor am Lehrstuhl für Philosophiegeschichte der Philosophischen Fakultät der Universität Eötvös in Budapest; seit 2005 auch Professor für Germanistik an der Universität-Gesamthochschule Kodolányi, Székesfehérvár; seit 2008 Professor für Theoretische Andragogik an der West-Ungarischen Universität (Sopron-Szombathely). Humboldt-Stipendiat. 1999 Gründer des Postmoderne-Zentrums Budapest / Székesfehérvár. Veröffentlichungen u. a.: Against New Metaphysics, Cuxhaven, Dartford 1996; Zur Rekonstruktion der präsentistischen Rationalität Mittel-Europas, Cuxhaven, Dartford 1998; Monetarista globalizáció és posztszocialista rendszerváltás [Monetaristische Globalisation und postsozialistischer Systemwechsel">, Budapest 2002; Friedrich Nietzsche evilági filozófiája [Friedrich Nietzsches diesseitige Philosophie">, Budapest 2005; in Arbeit: philosophische Marx-Monographie.