Felix Wemheuer: 20 Years after the Massacre: How to Write the History of Tiananmen

Abstract

In: Jahrbuch für Historische Kommunismusforschung 2009. Berlin: Aufbau-Verlag, S. 107–120

In the aftermath of Tiananmen massacre in 1989 it appeared clear to the Western media that the Chinese government had cracked down on an anti-communist democracy movement. In contrast, today a struggle is going on about the meaning of the movement. Some Western scholars argue that the students protested against corruption and for the recognition of their organization, but they did not call for a regime change. Furthermore, members of the New Left in China and Marxists in the West consider the protests as a social movement and believe they belonged to the origins of the anti-Globalization movement. The article explores the multiple meanings of Tiananmen and shows the various ways in which different groups construct their memories.

Über den Autor

Felix Wemheuer, Dr. phil., geb. 1977 Bad Harzburg. 1998–2004 Magisterstudium der Politik Ostasiens an der Ruhr-Universität Bochum, 2000 bis 2002 Studium der Geschichte der Kommunistischen Partei Chinas an der Volksuniversität (Peking), seit 2004 Universitätsassistent am Institut fur Ostasienwissenschaften/Sinologie an der Universität Wien, 2006 Promotion zum Thema „Steinnudeln: Ländliche Erinnerungen und staatliche Vergangenheitsbewältigung der ,Großen Sprung’-Hungersnot in der chinesischen Provinz Henan“, Veröffentlichungen u. a.: Chinas „Großer Sprung nach vorne“ (1958–1961): Von der kommunistischen Offensive in die Hungersnot – Intellektuelle erinnern sich, Münster 2004.