In: Jahrbuch für Historische Kommunismusforschung 2009. Berlin: Aufbau-Verlag, S. 107–120
In the aftermath of Tiananmen massacre in 1989 it appeared clear to the Western media that the Chinese government had cracked down on an anti-communist democracy movement. In contrast, today a struggle is going on about the meaning of the movement. Some Western scholars argue that the students protested against corruption and for the recognition of their organization, but they did not call for a regime change. Furthermore, members of the New Left in China and Marxists in the West consider the protests as a social movement and believe they belonged to the origins of the anti-Globalization movement. The article explores the multiple meanings of Tiananmen and shows the various ways in which different groups construct their memories.