Karl-Heinz Schwarz-Pich: The Communist Lechleiter Group. From its Foundation in Mannheim in 1941 until its Defeat in February 1942.


In: Jahrbuch für Historische Kommunismusforschung 2012. Berlin: Aufbau Verlag, pp. 303-314.

In the historiography of communism in the Federal Republic the Lechleiter Group is assigned to the cross-party anti-fascist resistance. But, in fact, the members of the group pursued the goal of establishing a social order based on the Soviet model (‘Soviet-Germany’). They assumed that in connection with the impending defeat of Germany a political crisis would come about, making the basis for a “proletarian revolution”. To be prepared, the Communist Party should be reorganized, especially in the large factories in Mannheim, and a leadership for the district of Baden-Palatinate should be established. Meanwhile the newspaper Der Vorbote, which was edited by the Lechleiter Group, served as the main organ of information. It was distributed only to reliable Communists, and therefore acted as an information sheet for officials rather than serving as a broad-based newspaper of the resistance. Due to the opening of the files from the archives of the SED Central Committee and the Ministry of State Security of the GDR, to which the independent historical research in the Federal Republic had no access until reunification, a critical examination and presentation of the work of the Lechleiter Group has now become possible.

Über den Autor

Karl-Heinz Schwarz-Pich, geb. 1940, freier Autor mit Schwerpunkt »Sport im Dritten Reich«. Ehemals Mitglied und hauptamtlicher Funktionär der DKP in München. Veröffentlichungen:

  • Der Ball ist rund: eine Seppl Herberger-Biographie, Ubstadt-Weiher 1996
  • Der DFB im Dritten Reich: einer Legende auf der Spur, Kassel 2000
  • Otto Siffling, der SV Waldhof und die deutsche Fußball-Nationalmannschaft im Dritten Reich, Kassel 1999
  • Karl Ziegler und die große Ära des RRC Endspurt Mannheim, Kassel 2004; 100 Jahre SV Waldhof 07 1907–2007. Die Geschichte eines Traditionsvereins, Mannheim 2007

Freier Mitarbeiter der Kommission für geschichtliche Landeskunde in Baden-Württemberg und in Rheinland-Pfalz; Aufsätze und Artikel in verschiedenen Zeitungen und Zeitschriften.