Krisztián Ungváry: The instructions of the Comintern after the Molotov-Ribbentrop-Pact for the communist parties on 30th December 1939 – the so far unknown notes of Zoltán Schönherz


In: Jahrbuch für Historische Kommunismusforschung 2010. Berlin: Aufbau Verlag, pp. 267-275In: Jahrbuch für Historische Kommunismusforschung 2010. Berlin: Aufbau Verlag, pp. 267-275

The internal Soviet party orders which were issued concerning the Hitler-Stalin pact are not entirely researchable even today. Although some publications fill a great gap in this matter, there is not a consensus among researchers on the purpose of Stalin’s foreign policy. Especially controversial is the highly controversial issue of whether the plans of the Soviet leadership would have served as a tool to start a supposed proletarian world revolution. The publication of historical documents contribute to being able to decide on this question.
Zoltán Schönherz, the Comintern’s emissary who was sent to Hungary at the end of December 1939 had received detailed orders about how to explain the concept of the pact and the plans of the Soviet Union to the Hungarian Communist Party leadership. Schönherz’s notes expose these aspects of the pact with unique details of the Soviet concept, which had been kept as a secret from the outside world. The particular contributon of this document is that, for the first time, we are able to read the Soviet orders sent to the leadership of Hungarian.
Although many of the Comintern’s orders have been published by H. Bayerlein – in „Der Verräter, Stalin, bist Du” – neither the southern nor the eastern party organisations are featured in it. However Hungary had a strong relevance in the Soviet’s strategic plans, as there had been a common Soviet-Hungarian border since September 1939. The notes of Zoltán Schönherz are especially important in order to understand the Stalin’s conception of policy.

Über den Autor

Krisztián Ungváry, Ph. D., geb. 1969, Studium in Budapest, Jena und Freiburg / Breisgau. Promotion 1998 zum Thema Belagerung Budapests im Zweiten Weltkrieg. Wissenschaftlicher Mitarbeiter des Instituts für die Erforschung der ungarischen Revolution 1956 (Budapest); Mitglied des wissenschaftlichen Beirates der Stiftung »Flucht, Vertreibung, Versöhnung«. Veröffentlichungen u. a.: Die Schlacht um Budapest, München 1999; Ungarn und der Zweite Weltkrieg (in ungarischer Sprache), Budapest 2005; Verschwiegene Vergangenheit. Der Parteistaat und das Ministerium des Inneren. Die politische Polizei in Ungarn zwischen 1956 und 1990 (in ungarischer Sprache, zusammen mit Gábor Tabajdi), Budapest 2008. Mitglied des Wissenschaftlichen Beirats des Jahrbuchs für Historische Kommunismusforschung.