In: Jahrbuch für Historische Kommunismusforschung 2012. Berlin: Aufbau Verlag, pp. 217-232.
Euro-communism played a central role in the political debate of the Federal Republic of Germany from the mid- to late-seventies. Starting with the first contacts between the Social Democratic Party of Germany and the Italian Communist Party in late 1967 until the tense atmosphere during the election campaign for the first direct elections to the European Parliament in 1979, the positions of the four parties represented in the German parliament are analyzed in this article. The article argues that Euro-communism was a projection of political anxieties and hopes in German party politics. While the CDU and CSU have interpreted Euro-communism as a tactical measure for the Sovietization of Western Europe, the FDP struggled to find a standpoint and parts of the SPD hoped for the social democratization of the Euro-communists.