Stephen Schwartz: Islam and Communism in the 20th Century


In: Jahrbuch für Historische Kommunismusforschung 2009. Berlin: Aufbau-Verlag, S. 121–147

The article focuses on relations between international Communism and the Islamic umma, or global community, rather than Moscow’s policies toward Soviet Muslims. While the latter has received the attention of historians and other experts, the former has been neglected as a subject of study. The paper includes material on Karl Marx’s attitude to the Ottoman Empire, the impact of events in Russia in 1905 on Persia and Turkey, and theoretical conclusions drawn from that experience by Lenin and Trotsky. The roles of previously-neglected figures such as the Moroccan Berber fighter Abd el-Krim and the Algerian nationalist Messali Hadj are evaluated. Finally, material on Muslims who fought on the side of the republic in the Spanish civil war of 1936–39 is included.

Über den Autor

Stephen Schwartz, geb. 1948, Publizist; Executive Director des Center for Islamic Pluralism in Washington, DC. Veröffentlichung von Artikeln u. a. in The New York Times, The Wall Street Journal, The Weekly Standard und The Spectator. Buchveröffentlichungen u. a.: Brotherhood of the Sea: A History of the Sailors’ Union of the Pacific, New Brunswick, NJ 1986; Kosovo: Background to a War, London 2000; The Two Faces of Islam: The House of Sa’ud from Tradition to Terror, New York 2002; The Other Islam: Sufism and the Road to Global Harmony, New York 2008.