Vaïos Kalogrias: The KKE and the Civil War in Greece 1946–1949

Abstract

In: Jahrbuch für Historische Kommunismusforschung 2010. Berlin: Aufbau Verlag, pp. 31–48

One of the main political forces in Greece during the period of the German occupation (1941-1944) and in the early post-war years was the Greek Communist Party (KKE). Under the German occupation the illegal KKE succeeded in organizing a strong resistance movement and attacking its political opponents such as royalists and republicans but also other leftist elements. After the occupation and with the military and economic aid of Yugoslavia, Albania and Bulgaria the KKE tried to take political power and establish a “Peoples Republic”. Its military arm, the so called Democratic Army of Greece (DSE), fought against government troops and created a communist zone in Northern Greece. This article examines the development of KKE during the Civil War (1946–1949). It focuses on the political relations between the Greek Communists and representatives of the new established socialist regimes in Eastern Europe and also analyses terms of Stalinist violence against party members and fighters of DSE.

Über den Autor

Vaios Kalogrias, geb. 1974 in Karlsruhe, 1993–2001 Studium der Neueren und Neuesten Geschichte sowie Literaturwissenschaft an der Universität Fridericiana zu Karlsruhe (TH), 2006 Promotion im Fach Geschichte an der Johannes-Gutenberg-Universität Mainz. Forschungsgebiete: die Zeit der deutschen Okkupation (1941–1944) und des Bürgerkriegs in Griechenland (1946–1949). Veröffentlichungen (in deutscher Sprache): Makedonien 1941–1944: Okkupation, Widerstand, Kollaboration, Mainz, Ruhpolding 2008; Widerstand und Kollaboration in Zentralmakedonien (1941–1944), in: Thetis (2007), H. 13 / 14, S. 244–249 (mit Stratos Dordanas); Deutsche Polizeibehörden im besetzten Griechenland, 1941–1944, in: Wolfgang Schulte (Hg.): Die Polizei im NS-Staat. Beiträge eines internationalen Symposiums an der deutschen Hochschule der Polizei in Münster, Frankfurt a. M. 2009, S. 425–449.