In: Jahrbuch für Historische Kommunismusforschung 2010. Berlin: Aufbau Verlag, pp. 31–48
One of the main political forces in Greece during the period of the German occupation (1941-1944) and in the early post-war years was the Greek Communist Party (KKE). Under the German occupation the illegal KKE succeeded in organizing a strong resistance movement and attacking its political opponents such as royalists and republicans but also other leftist elements. After the occupation and with the military and economic aid of Yugoslavia, Albania and Bulgaria the KKE tried to take political power and establish a “Peoples Republic”. Its military arm, the so called Democratic Army of Greece (DSE), fought against government troops and created a communist zone in Northern Greece. This article examines the development of KKE during the Civil War (1946–1949). It focuses on the political relations between the Greek Communists and representatives of the new established socialist regimes in Eastern Europe and also analyses terms of Stalinist violence against party members and fighters of DSE.