Berlin Wall Museums and Memorials
The Berlin Wall was errected on 13 August 1961 and fell on 9 November 1989. For many people all over the world it is THE symbol of the Cold War division of Europe. In fact, the Berlin Wall was not built over night. It started with barbed wire and simple stones. Over the years, the SED-dictatorship "improved" the wall to make escape attempts more and more unlikely. The well-known concrete wall was not put up until the 1970s. The Berlin Wall was the final step for the East German dictatorship to close all of its borders to the West (the inner-German border had already been closed by then). 136 persons died trying to overcome the Berlin Wall. But numbers differ according to whether for example one includes East German border guards who died on duty.
Berlin (Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg): wall museum "house at the Checkpoint Charlie"
Berlin (Mitte): Berlin Wall memorial
Berlin (Mitte): "parliament of trees" memorial
Berlin (Neukölln): former watchtower Schlesischer Busch
Berlin (Tempelhof-Schöneberg): Marienfelde refugee center museum
Hennigsdorf: museum in the former watchtower Nieder Neuendorf
Kleinmachnow: memorial site and meeting place Dreilinden-Drewitz