In: Jahrbuch für Historische Kommunismusforschung 2016. Berlin: Metropol Verlag, pp. 75–96.
This article deals with an episode in the life of Heinz Felfe which, until now, has been little known. It concerns the period before he became an employee of the Federal Intelligence Service (BND) as a double agent working for the Soviet KGB. The member of the SS and divisional head of the Reich Security Main Office (RSHA), Felfe was recruited to work for the British secret service from 1947 until 1950, when the British lost confidence in him. His mission was to spy on communist activities in the British occupation zone. Heinz Felfe developed a ‘legend’ by joining the Communists at Bonn University and the German Communist Party (KPD), where he set up a Marxist Study Group. In this way, he then rose in the regional party, gaining access to the workings of the party in the regional Diet and, subsequently, in the Bundestag. His political contacts inside the KPD also allowed him to visit to the Soviet Zone of Occupation and, then, the GDR. His motivations for this role were financial and professional: he had little money and no career. At this time Heinz Felfe was a British spy who adopted a Communists ‘legend’ as camouflage. Only later was his life story exploited by Moscow as political propaganda.