Adela Hîncu: Ambivalentes Empowerment. Sozialwissenschaftliche Forschung über die Ungleichstellung von Frauen im spätsozialistischen Rumänien, in: Jahrbuch für Historische Kommunismusforschung 2022. Berlin: Metropol Verlag, pp. 105–126.

This essay explores women’s ambivalent empowerment in Communist Romania, as reflected in social scientists’ studies about the “women’s condition,” published in the 1960s and 1970s. First, it offers an analysis of the political and expert debates around the adoption, in 1966, of the pronatalist policies that drastically restricted access to abortion in Romania. From the perspective of intellectual history, it asks what high-level policymaking can tell us about the thematic horizon of research on women’s social condition in the 1970s and 1980s. The second part of the study shows how women’s emancipation was articulated as a social issue in terms of (in)equality in research on the “double burden,” and points to the limitations of this approach with regard to women’s reproductive rights. The third section asks how second-wave feminism and globalization addressed concerns about women’s emancipation at the time of the consolidation of the Ceaușescu regime. The study concludes with a sketch of how ideas about women’s condition under Communism transformed toward the end of 1980s, separating the issue of equality from that of freedom.

Über die Autorin

Adela Hîncu, Dr. Studium der Weltliteratur und vergleichenden Literaturwissenschaft (BA Universität Bukarest, 2010) sowie der vergleichenden Geschichtswissenschaft (MA und PhD, Central European University, 2013, 2019). 2019 bis 2020 Gastprofessur an der Fakultät für Kunst und Wissenschaften der Ilia State University (Georgien). Stipendien: 2020/2021 New Europe College, Bukarest, Rumänien; 2021/2022 Centre for Advanced Study Sofia (CAS), Bulgarien; 2022 Imre Kertész Kolleg, Jena. Wissenschaftliche Mitarbeit am Projekt »Philosophy in Socialist Romania: A Case Study in Institutionalized Thought« (Universität Bukarest, Institut für Philosophie »Alexandru Dragomir«). Veröffentlichungen: »Social Science and Marxist Humanism beyond Collectivism in Socialist Romania«, in: History of the Human Sciences (ET: 2022); »Academic Mobility and Epistemological Change in State Socialist Romania: Three Generations of Sociologists, Western Social Science, and Quality of Life Research«, in: Serendipities: Journal for the Sociology and History of the Social Sciences 5 (2021), H. 1/2, S. 4–18; Hg.: Social Sciences in the »Other Europe« since 1945, Budapest 2018 (mit Victor Karady.)

Jahrbuch für Historische Kommunismusforschung