Abstract

Michael Zok: Interdependenzen zwischen Sozialpolitik und Demografie im (post-)kommunistischen Polen. Ökonomische Verflechtungen, geschlechterspezifische Entwicklungen, traditionelle Lösungen, in: Jahrbuch für Historische Kommunismusforschung 2024. Berlin: Metropol Verlag, pp. 249–261.

This article deals with the social policies in the Polish People's Republic since the 1970s and after the fall of communism. It highlights (dis)continuities between developments in these two different political and economic systems and focuses on the question of the impact of social policies on gender relations. It argues that Polish (counter)elites were interested in social policy not only because of rivalry with the Western system and in order to legitimise their rule. Rather, demographic issues played an important role, as from the 1970s concerned voices warned of an 'undesirable demographic development'. The falling birth rate and the coming of age of the 'baby boomers' were challenges that successive governments had to face since the early 1970s. Social policy thus became an important tool not only for shaping the living standards of Polish citizens, but also for influencing reproductive behaviour.

Über den Autor

Dr. phil. Michael Zok, geb. 1982 in Tychy, Polen. 2004 bis 2008 Studium der Osteuropäischen Geschichte und Politikwissenschaft, 2013 Promotion, 2013 bis 2015 Stipendiat der Deutsch-Tschechischen und Deutsch-Slowakischen Historikerkommission, des Deutschen Historischen Instituts Warschau mit Forschungen zu biopolitischen Fragestellungen im Staatssozialismus, seit 2020 wissenschaftlicher Mitarbeiter am Deutschen Historischen Institut Warschau. Neueste Veröffentlichungen: »The Family is the Basic Cell of Society«: Family, Reproduction, and Demography in the Political Thought of Communists and Catholics in Post-war Poland, in: Ramšak, Jure/Mithans, Gašper/Režek, Mateja (Hg.): Christian Modernity and Marxist Secularism in East Central Europe, Zagreb 2022, S. 233–255; »Gendered Social Policies in (Post-)Communist Countries. The Case of Poland«, in: N Macedonian Journal of Social Policy 28 (2022), S. 37–54.

Jahrbuch für Historische Kommunismusforschung