Abstract

Tomasz Inglot: Historisch-vergleichende Forschungen zu Wohlfahrtsstaaten in Mittel- und Osteuropa. Lehren und Chancen für die Zukunft, in: Jahrbuch für Historische Kommunismusforschung 2024. Berlin: Metropol Verlag, pp. 157–169.

This article addresses four major themes of contemporary historical research on welfare states in Central and Eastern Europe: (1) the importance of time and the challenges of periodisation in the study of welfare states during the Cold War, (2) the advantages of comparative historical analysis, (3) a new theoretical approach to explaining apparent contradictions of continuity and change in social policy development since 1945, and (4) the international dimension of social policy making during the Cold War and beyond. Each of these themes, and a brief review of the relevant literature to date, points to key lessons and avenues for future research, such as time-sensitive comparative-historical studies and periodisation of welfare state development before 1989; more detailed intra-regional comparisons; new historical investigations of interactions between Western and Eastern countries within international organisations dealing with social policies; and also the need for historically informed studies of the most recent welfare state reforms across Europe, including the former communist states and Western states under the influence of neo-liberal ideas and rising right-wing parties and ideologies.

Über den Autor

Prof. Dr. Tomasz Inglot, Distinguished Faculty Scholar, lehrt an der Minnesota State University, USA, Politikwissenschaft. Promotion 1994 an der University of Wisconsin-Madison, USA. Forschungsschwerpunkte: vergleichende Sozialpolitik (Wohlfahrtsstaat), Politik Mittel- und Osteuropas. Neueste Veröffentlichungen u. a.: Mothers, Families or Children? Family Policy in Poland, Hungary and Romania, 1945–2020 (mit Dorottya Szikra und Cristina Rat), Pittsburgh, PA 2022; Welfare States in East-Central Europe, 1919–2004, Cambridge 2008 sowie zahlreiche Beiträge und Artikel über die Sozialpolitik in Europa. Träger unterschiedlicher Stipendien: u. a. das Fulbright-Stipendium, Stipendien des American Council of Learned Societies, des National Council for East European and Eurasian Research Collaborative Research Grant und das IREX-Reisestipendium. Er ist außerdem Ko-Vorsitzender des Political Economy and Welfare Network beim Council for European Studies.

Jahrbuch für Historische Kommunismusforschung