In: Jahrbuch für Historische Kommunismusforschung 2016. Berlin: Metropol Verlag, pp. 163–180.
As the “Cold War” intensified after 1945, the confrontation between the Western powers and the Soviet Union also had consequences for occupied Austria and the intelligence services stationed there. Firstly, main objectives like denazification and the search for war criminals soon became irrelevant, and information gathering and counterintelligence against the “new enemy” became the more important. In this struggle, the British and American intelligence services soon suspected the Austrian Communist Party (KPÖ) of being not only a political ally of the Soviet occupation forces, but also of being an agent of subversion. They observed the actions of the party and its members closely and ran several investigations. Based on the files of the American “Counterintelligence Corps” and the British “Intelligence Organisation”, the article analyses the reasons for and the progress of these investigations and gives insight into how alarmed by this “communist underground” in Austria the American and British secret services were.