In: Jahrbuch für Historische Kommunismusforschung 2017. Berlin: Metropol Verlag, pp. 53–68.
The programme of the Russian Provisional government and its main pillar of support, the Cadet Party, are analysed in the article. In addition, their slogans are compared with the measures taken for their implementation. The policies of the new revolutionary government were originally democratic and social and the Cadet Party, as the most powerful force in the government, seriously modified its programme to include republican, federalist and socialist positions. However, the mechanisms for carrying out these policies were not created. One reason for this was the new leaders’ almost complete lack of organisational experience. In addition, the Cadet-led Provisional Government considered itself to be above special interests and, thus, tried to act in the interests of all social groups. The people as a whole were in agreement with the main positive slogans, but disappointed by the inability to implement them by the authorities. The primary sources used in this research are those of the governmental and political parties, as well as the personal correspondence, diaries and memoirs of political leaders – some of which have not previously been published and are housed in the Russian archives.