In: Jahrbuch für Historische Kommunismusforschung 2018. Berlin: Metropol Verlag, pp. 127–141.
Zbigniew Iwanów (1948–1987) was an economic manager in a state-run factory in Toruń, Poland, and a member of the Polish United Worker’s Party. During the “Polish Crisis” of 1980/1981 he started ‘unsupervised’ activity within the communist party, which aimed at democratization, free elections and autonomy for the rank-and-file organization. This led to his expulsion. The failure to change the party from within led him to join the independent trade union “Solidarity”. Incarcerated during the period of martial law and forced to migrate to the USA afterwards, he died in Texas in 1987. The article describes his political biography and analyses it in the light of Robert Merton’s theory of rebellion.