Manfred Mugrauer: The history of the Austrian Communist Party


In: Jahrbuch für Historische Kommunismusforschung 2013. Berlin: Aufbau Verlag, pp. 211-234.

It is due to the relative insignificance and political weakness of the Austrian Communist Party that Austrian historians drew little attention to it. The Communist Party’s research benefited only partially from the rise of the »labor history« in the 1970s and 1980s. Even the Austrian Communist Party itself neglected its own history for a long time. Despite some notable publications, the Austrian Communist Party was yet best approached in the »economic research« (Forschungskonjunktur), which the rest of the international research on communism experienced since the early 1990s. On the theory and research methods discussion the history of the KPO is barely connected, the paradigm shift to the social and cultural history was previously barely touched. However, this should not obscure the fact that the most significant omissions in KPO research is still the classic policy and organizational history. The lack of comprehensive overviews of the two most important periods in the history of the party is the worst: that of resistance and exile in the years 1933/34 to 1945, when the Communist Party was the main force of the illegal workers' movement and, from 1945 to 1955, when they had the greatest impact on domestic developments. Overall, Austrian communism as »radical social movement« is least researched of all.

Über den Autor

Manfred Mugrauer, Mag. phil., geb. 1977 in Vöcklabruck/Österreich, Studium der Politikwissenschaft an der Universität Wien, wissenschaftlicher Sekretär der Alfred Klahr Gesellschaft. Veröffentlichungen zur Politikgeschichte und Kulturpolitik der Kommunistischen Partei Österreichs, u. a.: Die Politik der KPÖ in der Provisorischen Regierung Renner, Innsbruck/Wien/Bozen 2006; Hg.: 90 Jahre KPÖ. Studien zur Geschichte der Kommunistischen Partei Österreichs, Wien 2009.