Peer Henrik Hansen: Fighting Communism in the North. The secret work of the Danish organization »The Firm«

Abstract

In: Jahrbuch für Historische Kommunismusforschung 2013. Berlin: Aufbau Verlag, pp. 153-168.

In the period 1947 to 1963 a secret Danish intelligence organization called »The Firm« operated in Denmark with ties to both Western and Eastern Europe. The main focus was the struggle against the local communists in which the Firm engaged on all levels, besides that the organization had ties to the highest political circles as well as to the intelligence community. The members of the Firm analyzed the Danish communist newspaper and delivered the results to the Danish Foreign Ministry and the US Embassy. In the same way and for the same reasons Soviet newspapers were read. For almost seven years the Firm bugged the vice-chairman of the Danish Communist Party in his own apartment and it also started a secret newspaper campaign in an attempt the create a split of the communist party. The split came in the fall of 1958 leading to the exclusion of party chairman Aksel Larsen. The excluded chairman was then recruited as a CIA agent/contact in 1958. The Firm was dissolved in 1963 after a new generation of politicians no longer wanted to be held responsible for the Firm and its activities.

Über den Autor

Peer Henrik Hansen, Ph.D., geb. 1972, Leiter des Museums des Kalten Krieges in Langelandsfort, Danemark. 1993–2000 Studium der Geschichte und Kommunikationswissenschaften; 2002–2005 Forschungsassistent am dänischen Institut für Internationale Studien in Kopenhagen (DIIS); 2005–2008 Postgraduate Studium; 2008–2009 Dozent an der Universität Roskilde an den Fachbereichen Geschichte und Kommunikationswissenschaften. Veröffentlichungen u. a.: Second to None – US Intelligence activities in Northern Europe 1943–1946 (= History of International Relations, Diplomacy and Intelligence, Bd. 16), Dordrecht 2011; »10 ars hemmelige samtaler i den kolde krigs skygge. Aksel Larsen, CIA og Sverige« [Zehn Jahre geheime Gespräche im Schatten des Kalten Krieges. Aksel Larsen, die CIA und Schweden">, in: Arbetarhistoria 4 (2011), H. 140; På Afgrundens Rand – Cuba-krisen 1962, den kolde krig og Danmark [Am Rande des Abgrunds – Kubakrise, der Kalte Krieg und Dänemark">, Rudkobing 2012; »USA, Firmaet og de danske kommunister« [Die USA, die Firma und die danischen Kommunisten">, in: Arbejderhistorie (2012), H. 1.