In: Jahrbuch für Historische Kommunismusforschung 2015. Berlin: Metropol Verlag, pp. 137–150.
The sisters Magda (1899–1969) and Charlotte (1901–1985) Gehrmann came from a simple Berlin working-class family and never reached eminent positions in their professions or in politics. But they were Communists from their youth and their lives reflect many experiences of German Communists during the 20th century. Magda and Charlotte fought in the German November Revolution of 1918/19; they took part in the arguments which split the Left in the Weimar Republic during the Twenties; and they survived the Third Reich, one in prison, one in exile; and they also shared the disillusionment felt by many Communists in the cause they had believed in when it became perverted and polluted by the crimes of Stalinism.