In: Jahrbuch für Historische Kommunismusforschung 2014. Berlin: Metropol Verlag, pp. 77–92.
After Yugoslavian communism was abandoned in 1990 and the Yugoslav Federation dissolved into years of warfare in 1991, the history of socialist Yugoslavia was widely rewritten to justify these changes and to support the political projects of the newly established nation states. This article investigates how the common Yugoslavian socialist past was represented in the new histories of Croatia, Serbia and, more briefly, Bosnia in the 1990s and early 2000s. Based on analyses of schoolbooks of contemporary history and history writing, especially works of historical synthesis, in Croatia, Serbia and, more briefly, Bosnia, the article argues that the early post-Yugoslav representations of Yugoslav history were characterised by a predominantly national framework of understanding. New histories downplayed periods of peaceful coexistence and relative prosperity, while narratives of internal conflicts were dominant. In this way, history writing and education contributed to explaining the break-up of the Yugoslav Federation, to legitimising new state structures and to naturalising national borders.