In: Jahrbuch für Historische Kommunismusforschung 2018. Berlin: Metropol Verlag, pp. 43–60.
Following the Stalinization of the German Communist Party, the party district of Thuringia became the centre of the opposition to this development. Not only most of the regional and local party activists, but also almost of the parliamentary faction rejected the official party course and defected to the Communist Party (Opposition).
This article researches the reasons for this opposition in one of the oldest strongholds of the German workers’ movement. On the one hand, the answer lies in the specific socialist milieu, which culminated in the social democratic-communist “workers’ government” of 1923. On the other hand, the Thuringian parliament may have succeeded, where the Weimar Republic mostly failed: to partially integrate the enemies of the political system into parliamentarism.